Prosodic expectations in silent reading: ERP evidence from rhyme scheme and semantic congruence in classic Chinese poems

Chen, Q., Zhang, J., Xu, X., Scheepers, C. , Yang, Y. and Tanenhaus, M. K. (2016) Prosodic expectations in silent reading: ERP evidence from rhyme scheme and semantic congruence in classic Chinese poems. Cognition, 154, 11 - 21. (doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.05.007) (PMID:27228392)

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Abstract In an ERP study, classic Chinese poems with a well-known rhyme scheme were used to generate an expectation of a rhyme in the absence of an expectation for a specific character. Critical characters were either consistent or inconsistent with the expected rhyme scheme and semantically congruent or incongruent with the content of the poem. These stimuli allowed us to examine whether a top-down rhyme scheme expectation would affect relatively early components of the ERP associated with character-to-sound mapping (P200) and lexically-mediated semantic processing (N400). The ERP data revealed that rhyme scheme congruence, but not semantic congruence modulated the P200: rhyme-incongruent characters elicited a P200 effect across the head demonstrating that top-down expectations influence early phonological coding of the character before lexical-semantic processing. Rhyme scheme incongruence also produced a right-lateralized N400-like effect. Moreover, compared to semantically congruous poems, semantically incongruous poems produced a larger N400 response only when the character was consistent with the expected rhyme scheme. The results suggest that top-down prosodic expectations can modulate early phonological processing in visual word recognition, indicating that prosodic expectations might play an important role in silent reading. They also suggest that semantic processing is influenced by general knowledge of text genre.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by grants from the Major State Basic Research Development Program of China (973 Program, 2014CB340502), the Major Program of the Social Science Foundation of China (10ZD126), the Natural Science Foundation of China (31100814, 31271196, and 31300929), the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (2014M560433), the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China (1401061B). Michael K. Tanenhaus was supported by NIH grants HD 27206 and HD 073890.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Scheepers, Dr Christoph
Authors: Chen, Q., Zhang, J., Xu, X., Scheepers, C., Yang, Y., and Tanenhaus, M. K.
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
P Language and Literature > PI Oriental languages and literatures
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Cognition
ISSN (Online):1873-7838
Published Online:23 May 2016

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