Biomedical accelerator mass spectrometry

Freeman, S. P.H.T. and Vogel, J. S. (1995) Biomedical accelerator mass spectrometry. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Ion Processes, 143, pp. 247-256. (doi:10.1016/0168-1176(95)04157-G)

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Ultrasensitive SIMS with accelerator based spectrometers has recently begun to be applied to biomedical problems. Certain very long-lived radioisotopes of very low natural abundances can be used to trace metabolism at environmental dose levels (⩾ z mol in mg samples). 14C in particular can be employed to label a myriad of compounds. Competing technologies typically require super environmental doses that can perturb the system under investigation, followed by uncertain extrapolation to the low dose regime. 41Ca and 26Al are also used as elemental tracers. Given the sensitivity of the accelerator method, care must be taken to avoid contamination of the mass spectrometer and the apparatus employed in prior sample handling including chemical separation. This infant field comprises the efforts of a dozen accelerator laboratories. The Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry has been particularly active. In addition to collaborating with groups further afield, we are researching the kinematics and binding of genotoxins in-house, and we support innovative uses of our capability in the disciplines of chemistry, pharmacology, nutrition and physiology within the University of California. The field can be expected to grow further given the numerous potential applications and the efforts of several groups and companies to integrate more the accelerator technology into biomedical research programs; the development of miniaturized accelerator systems and ion sources capable of interfacing to conventional HPLC and GMC, etc. apparatus for complementary chemical analysis is anticipated for biomedical laboratories.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Freeman, Professor Stewart
Authors: Freeman, S. P.H.T., and Vogel, J. S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:International Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Ion Processes
ISSN (Online):1873-2801

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