Fit to WHO weight standard of European infants over time

Levine, D., Marryat, L., Cole, T. J., McColl, J. , Harjunmaa, U., Ashorn, P. and Wright, C. (2016) Fit to WHO weight standard of European infants over time. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101(5), pp. 455-460. (doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-309594) (PMID:26883079)

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Objectives: The 2006 WHO growth charts were created to provide an international standard for optimal growth, based on healthy, breastfed populations, but it has been suggested that Northern European children fit them poorly. This study uses infant weight data spanning 50 years to determine how well-nourished preschool children from different eras fit the WHO standard, and discuss the implications of deviations. Design: Four longitudinal datasets from the UK and one from Finland were used comprising over 8000 children born between 1959 and 2003. Weights from birth to 2 years were converted to age–sex-adjusted Z scores using the WHO standard and summarised using Generalized Additive Models for Location, Scale and Shape. Results: Weights showed a variable fit to the WHO standard. Mean weights for all cohorts were above the WHO median at birth, but dipped by up to 0.5 SD to a nadir at 8 weeks before rising again. Birth weights increased in successive cohorts and the initial dip became slightly shallower. By age 1 year, cohorts were up to 0.75 SD above the WHO median, but there was no consistent pattern by era. Conclusions: The WHO standard shows an acceptable, but variable fit for Northern European infants. While birth weights increased over time, there was, unexpectedly, no consistent variation by cohort beyond this initial period. Discrepancies in weight from the standard may reflect differences in measurement protocol and trends in infant feeding practice.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funded by Chief Scientist Office, Scotland. TJC is funded by MRC grant MR/ M012069/1.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wright, Professor Charlotte and Marryat, Dr Louise and McColl, Professor John
Authors: Levine, D., Marryat, L., Cole, T. J., McColl, J., Harjunmaa, U., Ashorn, P., and Wright, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:Archives of Disease in Childhood
Journal Abbr.:Arch Dis Child
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):1468-2044
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Archives of Disease in Childhood 101(5): 455-460
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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