Positive psychotherapy in ABI rehab (PoPsTAR): a pilot randomised controlled trial

Cullen, B. , Pownall, J., Cummings, J., Baylan, S. , Broomfield, N., Haig, C. , Kersel, D., Murray, H. and Evans, J. J. (2018) Positive psychotherapy in ABI rehab (PoPsTAR): a pilot randomised controlled trial. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 28(1), pp. 17-33. (doi: 10.1080/09602011.2015.1131722)

113907.pdf - Accepted Version



Psychological distress is common following acquired brain injury (ABI), but the evidence base for psychotherapeutic interventions is small and equivocal. Positive psychotherapy aims to foster well-being by increasing experiences of pleasure, engagement and meaning. In this pilot trial, we investigated the feasibility and acceptability of brief positive psychotherapy in adults with ABI and emotional distress. Participants were randomised to brief positive psychotherapy plus usual treatment, or usual treatment only. Brief positive psychotherapy was delivered over eight individual out-patient sessions, by one research psychologist. A blinded assessor administered the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21) and the Authentic Happiness Inventory (AHI) at 5, 9 and 20 weeks post-baseline. Of 27 participants randomised (median age 57; 63% male; 82% ischaemic stroke survivors; median 5.7 months post-injury), 14 were assigned to positive psychotherapy, of whom 8 completed treatment. The intervention was feasible to deliver with excellent fidelity, and was acceptable to participants. Retention at 20 weeks was 63% overall. A full-scale trial would need to retain n = 39 per group to end-point, to detect a significant difference in change scores on the DASS-21 Depression scale of 7 points (two-tailed alpha = .05, power = .80). Trials including an active control arm would require larger sample sizes. We conclude that a full-scale trial to investigate efficacy is warranted.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor and Francis in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation on 26 January 2016, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09602011.2015.1131722
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Evans, Professor Jonathan and Cullen, Dr Breda and Murray, Mrs Heather and Broomfield, Dr Niall and Cummings, Miss Joanne and Baylan, Dr Satu and Haig, Dr Caroline and Pownall, Dr Jaycee
Authors: Cullen, B., Pownall, J., Cummings, J., Baylan, S., Broomfield, N., Haig, C., Kersel, D., Murray, H., and Evans, J. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN (Online):1464-0694
Published Online:04 January 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor and Francis Group
First Published:First published in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 28(1): 17-33
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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