Nitrogen activation in a Mars - van Krevelen mechanism for ammonia synthesis on Co3Mo3N

Zeinalipour-Yazdi, C. D., Hargreaves, J. S. J. and Catlow, C. R. A. (2015) Nitrogen activation in a Mars - van Krevelen mechanism for ammonia synthesis on Co3Mo3N. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119(51), pp. 28368-28376. (doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06811)

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Co3Mo3N is one of the most active catalysts for ammonia synthesis, however, little is known about the atomistic details of N2 adsorption and activation. Here we examine whether N2 can adsorb and activate at nitrogen surface vacancies. We have identified the most favourable sites for surface nitrogen vacancy formation and have calculated vacancy formation free energies (and concentrations) taking into account vacancy configurational entropy and the entropy of N2 at temperature and pressure conditions relevant to ammonia synthesis (380-550 °C, 100 atm) via a semi-empirical approach. We show that 3-fold hollow bound nitrogen-containing (111)-surfaces have surprisingly high concentrations (1.6×1016 to 3.7×1016 cm-2) of nitrogen vacancies in the temperature range for ammonia synthesis. It is shown that these vacancy sites can adsorb and activate N2 demonstrating the potential of a Mars - van Krevelen type mechanism on Co3Mo3N. The catalytically active surface is one where 3f-hollow-nitrogens are bound to the molybdenum framework with a hexagonal array of embedded Co8 cobalt nanoclusters. We find that the vacancy-formation-energy (VFE) combined with the adsorption energy can be used as a descriptor in the screening of materials that activate doubly and triply bonded molecules that are bound end-on at surface vacancies.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hargreaves, Professor Justin
Authors: Zeinalipour-Yazdi, C. D., Hargreaves, J. S. J., and Catlow, C. R. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN (Online):1932-7455
Published Online:05 October 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society
First Published:First published in Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119(51):28368-28376
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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