Who stands in the way of women? Open vs. closed lists and candidate gender in Estonia

Allik, M. (2015) Who stands in the way of women? Open vs. closed lists and candidate gender in Estonia. East European Politics, 31(4), pp. 429-451. (doi: 10.1080/21599165.2015.1084924)

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The literature on women's descriptive representation has looked at the debate on open and closed lists as a choice between electoral systems. This article instead focuses on whether voters or the parties are biased against female candidates. Using data from six Estonian elections, the article finds that voters are not consistently biased against female candidates and open lists do not necessarily decrease women's representation. However, unknown and non-incumbent female candidates fare significantly worse than similar men. The analysis also shows that parties do not place women in electable positions on closed lists, and closed lists do not improve women's representation.

Item Type:Articles (Other)
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Allik, Dr Mirjam
Authors: Allik, M.
Subjects:J Political Science > J General legislative and executive papers
J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:East European Politics
ISSN (Online):2159-9173
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Author
First Published:First published in East European Politics 31(4):429-451
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
Data DOI:/10.5525/gla.researchdata.278

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
727651SPHSU Core Renewal: Measuring and Analysing Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Research ProgrammeAlastair LeylandMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/13IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU