Dating Pleistocene deltaic deposits using in-situ 26Al and 10Be cosmogenic nuclides

Ciampalini, A., Persano, C. , Fabel, D. and Firpo, M. (2015) Dating Pleistocene deltaic deposits using in-situ 26Al and 10Be cosmogenic nuclides. Quaternary Geochronology, 28, pp. 71-79. (doi: 10.1016/j.quageo.2015.04.005)

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The present study aims at testing the possibility of using the in-situ cosmogenic burial dating technique on deltaic deposits. The sequence analyzed is exposed along the Ligurian coast (north-west Italy) and is made of proximal marine and continental deposits previously considered Pliocene or Plio-Quaternary in age. In the study area two allostratigraphic units were recognized. The lower unit represents the evolution of a small coarse-grained delta developed in a fjord or embayment environment. The coarsening/shallowing upward trend observed within the sections, from bottom to top, suggests that the delta prograded rapidly in the landward portion of the canyon placed opposite to the paleo-river outlet. Within the deltaic sequence the transgressive and highstand system tracts were recognized. The unit 2 is composed by several alluvial fan systems deposited in small incised valleys developed within the previously, uplifted deltaic deposits and successively incised by a braided river system. In-situ produced cosmogenic nuclides were used in order to date the age of the deposition of the deltaic deposits. Results suggest that the studied deltaic sediments belonging to the unit 1 were deposited between 1,300,000 and 200,000 year ago thus during the Lower to Middle Pleistocene, whereas the unit 2 was deposited during the Middle Pleistocene as a consequence of a tectonically driven uplift phase. Furthermore samples collected within the prograding part of the delta show the higher denudation rates. The obtained results demonstrate that burial ages and related erosion rates inferred from cosmogenic nuclides concentrations can be considered as a very useful tool to reconstruct the sea level changes over the past 1 million year.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Persano, Dr Cristina and Fabel, Dr Derek
Authors: Ciampalini, A., Persano, C., Fabel, D., and Firpo, M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Quaternary Geochronology
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
ISSN (Online):1878-0350

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