Assessment of the relationships between myocardial contractility and infarct tissue revealed by serial magnetic resonance imaging in patients with acute myocardial infarction

McComb, C., Carrick, D., McClure, J. D. , Woodward, R., Radjenovic, A. , Foster, J. E. and Berry, C. (2015) Assessment of the relationships between myocardial contractility and infarct tissue revealed by serial magnetic resonance imaging in patients with acute myocardial infarction. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 31(6), pp. 1201-1209. (doi: 10.1007/s10554-015-0678-y) (PMID:26047771) (PMCID:PMC4486782)

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Imaging changes in left ventricular (LV) volumes during the cardiac cycle and LV ejection fraction do not provide information on regional contractility. Displacement ENcoding with Stimulated Echoes (DENSE) is a strain-encoded cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) technique that measures strain directly. We investigated the relationships between strain revealed by DENSE and the presence and extent of infarction in patients with recent myocardial infarction (MI). 50 male subjects were invited to undergo serial CMR within 7 days of MI (baseline) and after 6 months (follow-up; n = 47). DENSE and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images were acquired to enable localised regional quantification of peak circumferential strain (Ecc) and the extent of infarction, respectively. We assessed: (1) receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis for the classification of LGE, (2) strain differences according to LGE status (remote, adjacent, infarcted) and (3) changes in strain revealed between baseline and follow-up. 300 and 258 myocardial segments were available for analysis at baseline and follow-up respectively. LGE was present in 130/300 (43 %) and 97/258 (38 %) segments, respectively. ROC analysis revealed moderately high values for peak Ecc at baseline [threshold 12.8 %; area-under-curve (AUC) 0.88, sensitivity 84 %, specificity 78 %] and at follow-up (threshold 15.8 %; AUC 0.76, sensitivity 85 %, specificity 64 %). Differences were observed between remote, adjacent and infarcted segments. Between baseline and follow-up, increases in peak Ecc were observed in infarcted segments (median difference of 5.6 %) and in adjacent segments (1.5 %). Peak Ecc at baseline was indicative of the change in LGE status between baseline and follow-up. Strain-encoded CMR with DENSE has the potential to provide clinically useful information on contractility and its recovery over time in patients with MI.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mccomb, Dr Christie and Carrick, Dr David and Woodward, Miss Rosemary and Berry, Professor Colin and Foster, Dr John and McClure, Dr John and Radjenovic, Dr Aleksandra
Authors: McComb, C., Carrick, D., McClure, J. D., Woodward, R., Radjenovic, A., Foster, J. E., and Berry, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
ISSN (Online):1573-0743
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 31(6):1201-1209
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
544551Validation and significance of myocardial haemorrhage revealed by "bright blood" T2-weighted MRI in heart attack survivors: a prospective cohort study.Colin BerryBritish Heart Foundation (BHF)PG/11/2/28474RI CARDIOVASCULAR & MEDICAL SCIENCES