Pulmonary extraction and left atrial secretion of atrial natriuretic factor during cardiopulmonary bypass surgery

Northridge, D. B., Jamieson, M. P., Jardine, A. G. , MacArthur, K. J.D., MacFarlane, N. and Dargie, H. J. (1992) Pulmonary extraction and left atrial secretion of atrial natriuretic factor during cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. American Heart Journal, 123(3), pp. 698-703. (doi:10.1016/0002-8703(92)90509-T) (PMID:1531724)

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Abstract

We have investigated the role of the lungs in the extraction of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) by measuring plasma levels in samples taken from the central circulation in 12 patients (mean age 59 years; range 43 to 68) undergoing cardiac surgery. We also investigated the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on ANF levels. ANF levels (mean ± SD) were lower in puimonary venous samples (41 ± 20 pg/ml) than in pulmonary arterial samples (54 ± 18 pg/ml; p < 0.001), demonstrating 24% extraction of ANF by the lungs. Both left atrial (47 ± 23 pg/ml) and systemic arterial levels (52 ± 22 pg/ml) were higher than pulmonary venous levels (both p < 0.05), indicating secretion of ANF into the left side of the heart. During cardiopulmonary bypass, plasma ANF concentration fell from 68 ± 23 pg/ml before aortic cross-clamping to 35 ± 13 pg/ml 10 minutes after and 28 ± 9 40 minutes after the application of clamps (both p < 0.001). A rebound rise to 122 ± 33 pg/ml followed the release of the clamp (p < 0.001). This study demonstrates that ANF is extracted by the lungs and secreted directly into the left side of the heart. The considerable fall in plasma levels that was observed during aortic cross-clamping might contribute to the neurohumoral activation and increased peripheral resistance observed after prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass and to the risk of renal ischemic injury.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Dargie, Professor Henry and MacFarlane, Professor Niall and Jardine, Professor Alan
Authors: Northridge, D. B., Jamieson, M. P., Jardine, A. G., MacArthur, K. J.D., MacFarlane, N., and Dargie, H. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:American Heart Journal
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-8703
ISSN (Online):1097-6744

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