Removal of Arsenic (III) from groundwater applying a reusable Mg-Fe-Cl layered double hydroxide

Jiang, J.-Q., Ashekuzzaman, S.M., Hargreaves, J. S.J. , McFarlane, A. R., Badruzzaman, A. B. M. and Tarek, M. H. (2014) Removal of Arsenic (III) from groundwater applying a reusable Mg-Fe-Cl layered double hydroxide. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 90(6), pp. 1160-1166. (doi:10.1002/jctb.4607)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.4607

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Layered double hydroxide compounds (LDHs) have been applied for the removal of oxyanions including arsenate (As(V)). However, the aim of this present research is to develop a LDH to treat arsenite (As(III)). Both batch and column sorption studies were conducted to assess the effect of LDH dosage, contact time, solution pH and initial As(III) concentrations on the As(III) removal performance. The potential re-use of this sorbent was also investigated.<p></p> RESULTS: For 2 g L−1 of Mg-Fe-Cl LDH, As(III) in test solution can be reduced from 400 µg L−1 to <10 µg L−1 after a contact time of 2 h. High As(III) concentration in Bangladesh groundwater can be reduced to meet the national drinking water standards (<50 µg L−1). The maximum adsorption capacity of As(III) by Mg-Fe-Cl LDH is 14.6 mg g−1-LDH. Further, reusability of this sorbent was at least 20 cycles of regeneration with effective As(III) removal between 93.0 and 98.5%. Moreover, As(III) removal was unaffected by the solution pH but affected by the co-existing competing anions and concentration of As(III). Finally, the main mechanism of As(III) removal by Mg-Fe-Cl LDH was suggested to be chemical sorption together with anion and ligand exchange with interlayer Cl− and OH− ions.<p></p> CONCLUSION: High efficiency of sorption of As(III) by the developed Mg-Fe-Cl LDH was demonstrated in this study which is generally not the case for most other sorbent materials. Pilot-scale trials are needed to explore the suitability of full application of the developed Mg-Fe-Cl LDH for the removal of As(III).<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hargreaves, Professor Justin and McFarlane, Dr Andrew
Authors: Jiang, J.-Q., Ashekuzzaman, S.M., Hargreaves, J. S.J., McFarlane, A. R., Badruzzaman, A. B. M., and Tarek, M. H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0268-2575
ISSN (Online):1097-4660
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry
First Published:First published in Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 90(6):1160-1166
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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