Validation of a multigenic model to predict seizure control in newly treated epilepsy

Shazadi, K. et al. (2014) Validation of a multigenic model to predict seizure control in newly treated epilepsy. Epilepsy Research, 108(10), pp. 1797-1805. (doi:10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2014.08.022)

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Abstract

A multigenic classifier based on five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was previously reported to predict treatment response in an Australian newly-diagnosed epilepsy cohort using a k-nearest neighbour (kNN) algorithm. We assessed the validity of this classifier in predicting response to initial antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment in two UK cohorts of newly-diagnosed epilepsy and investigated the utility of these five SNPs in predicting seizure control in general. The original Australian cohort constituted the training set for the classifier and was used to predict response to the first well-tolerated AED monotherapy in independently recruited UK cohorts (Glasgow, n = 281; SANAD, n = 491). A “leave-one-out” cross-validation was also employed, with training sets derived internally from the UK datasets. The multigenic classifier using the Australian cohort as the training set was unable to predict treatment response in either UK cohort. In the “leave-one-out” analysis, the five SNPs collectively predicted treatment response in both Glasgow and SANAD patients prescribed either carbamazepine or valproate (Glasgow OR = 3.1, 95% CI = 1.4–6.6, p = 0.018; SANAD OR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.3–6.1, p = 0.048), but not those receiving lamotrigine (Glasgow OR = 1.3, 95% CI = 0.6–2.8, p = 1.0; SANAD OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 0.9–5.4, p = 0.36) or other AEDs (Glasgow OR = 0.6, 95% CI = 0.2–2.0, p = 1.0; SANAD OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 0.9–4.2, p = 0.36). The Australian-based multigenic kNN model is not predictive of initial treatment response in UK cohorts of newly-diagnosed epilepsy. However, the five SNPs identified in the original Australian study appear to collectively have a predictive influence in UK patients prescribed either carbamazepine or valproate.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Brodie, Professor Martin and Sills, Dr Graeme
Authors: Shazadi, K., Petrovski, S., Roten, A., Miller, H., Huggins, R. M., Brodie, M. J., Pirmohamed, M., Johnson, M. R., Marson, A. G., O’Brien, T. J., and Sills, G. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Epilepsy Research
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
ISSN:0920-1211
ISSN (Online):1872-6844

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