Essential versus accessory aspects of cell death: recommendations of the NCCD 2015

Galluzzi, L. et al. (2015) Essential versus accessory aspects of cell death: recommendations of the NCCD 2015. Cell Death and Differentiation, 22(1), pp. 58-73. (doi: 10.1038/cdd.2014.137)

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Cells exposed to extreme physicochemical or mechanical stimuli die in an uncontrollable manner, as a result of their immediate structural breakdown. Such an unavoidable variant of cellular demise is generally referred to as ‘accidental cell death’ (ACD). In most settings, however, cell death is initiated by a genetically encoded apparatus, correlating with the fact that its course can be altered by pharmacologic or genetic interventions. ‘Regulated cell death’ (RCD) can occur as part of physiologic programs or can be activated once adaptive responses to perturbations of the extracellular or intracellular microenvironment fail. The biochemical phenomena that accompany RCD may be harnessed to classify it into a few subtypes, which often (but not always) exhibit stereotyped morphologic features. Nonetheless, efficiently inhibiting the processes that are commonly thought to cause RCD, such as the activation of executioner caspases in the course of apoptosis, does not exert true cytoprotective effects in the mammalian system, but simply alters the kinetics of cellular demise as it shifts its morphologic and biochemical correlates. Conversely, bona fide cytoprotection can be achieved by inhibiting the transduction of lethal signals in the early phases of the process, when adaptive responses are still operational. Thus, the mechanisms that truly execute RCD may be less understood, less inhibitable and perhaps more homogeneous than previously thought. Here, the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death formulates a set of recommendations to help scientists and researchers to discriminate between essential and accessory aspects of cell death.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tait, Professor Stephen
Authors: Galluzzi, L., Bravo-San Pedro, J.M., Vitale, I., Aaronson, S.A., Abrams, J.M., Adam, D., Alnemri, E.S., Altucci, L., Andrews, D., Annicchiarico-Petruzzelli, M., Baehrecke, E.H., Bazan, N.G., Bertrand, M.J., Bianchi, K., Blagosklonny, M.V., Blomgren, K., Borner, C., Bredesen, D.E., Brenner, C., Campanella, M., Candi, E., Cecconi, F., Chan, F.K., Chandel, N.S., Cheng, E.H., Chipuk, J.E., Cidlowski, J.A., Ciechanover, A., Dawson, T.M., Dawson, V.L., De Laurenzi, V., De Maria, R., Debatin, K.-M., Di Daniele, N., Dixit, V.M., Dynlacht, B.D., El-Deiry, W.S., Fimia, G.M., Flavell, R.A., Fulda, S., Garrido, C., Gougeon, M.-L., Green, D.R., Gronemeyer, H., Hajnoczky, G., Hardwick, J.M., Hengartner, M.O., Ichijo, H., Joseph, B., Jost, P.J., Kaufmann, T., Kepp, O., Klionsky, D.J., Knight, R.A., Kumar, S., Lemasters, J.J., Levine, B., Linkermann, A., Lipton, S.A., Lockshin, R.A., López-Otín, C., Lugli, E., Madeo, F., Malorni, W., Marine, J.-C., Martin, S. J., Martinou, J.-C., Medema, J.P., Meier, P., Melino, S., Mizushima, N., Moll, U., Muñoz-Pinedo, C., Nuñez, G., Oberst, A., Panaretakis, T., Penninger, J.M., Peter, M.E., Piacentini, M., Pinton, P., Prehn, J.H., Puthalakath, H., Rabinovich, G.A., Ravichandran, K.S., Rizzuto, R., Rodrigues, C.M., Rubinsztein, D.C., Rudel, T., Shi, Y., Simon, H.-U., Stockwell, B.R., Szabadkai, G., Tait, S.W., Tang, H.L., Tavernarakis, N., Tsujimoto, Y., Vanden Berghe, T., Vandenabeele, P., Villunger, A., Wagner, E.F., Walczak, H., White, E., Wood, W.G., Yuan, J., Zakeri, Z., Zhivotovsky, B., Melino, G., and Kroemer, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Cell Death and Differentiation
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):1476-5403
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited
First Published:First published in Cell Death and Differentiation 22(1):58-73
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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