Zhao, J.Q., Glasspool, R.M., Hoare, S.F., Bilsland, A., Szatmari, I., and Keith, W.N. (2000) Activation of telomerase RNA gene promoter activity by NF-Y, Sp1, and the retinoblastoma protein and repression by Sp3. Neoplasia, 2 (6). pp. 531-539. ISSN 1522-8002
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Expression of the human telomerase RNA component gene, hTERC is essential for telomerase activity, The hTERC gene is expressed during embryogenesis and then downregulated during normal development, leaving most adult somatic cells devoid of hTERC expression. During oncogenesis, however, hTERC is re-expressed consequently contributing to the unrestricted proliferative capacity of many human cancers. Thus the identification of the molecular basis for the regulation of the telomerase RNA component gene in normal cells and its deregulation in cancer cells is of immediate interest. We have previously cloned the hTERC promoter and in this study have identified several transcription factors that modulate the expression of hTERC, We demonstrate that NF-Y binding to the CCAAT region of the hTERC promoter is essential for promoter activity. Sp1 and the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) are activators of the hTERC promoter and Sp3 is a potent repressor, These factors appear to act in a species-specific manner. Whereas Sp1 and Sp3 act on the human, bovine, and mouse TERC promoters, pRb activates only the human and bovine promoter, and NF-Y is only essential for the human TERC gene.
|Glasgow Author(s):||Hoare, Miss Stacey and Keith, Prof Nicol and Bilsland, Mr Alan|
|Authors:||Zhao, J.Q., Glasspool, R.M., Hoare, S.F., Bilsland, A., Szatmari, I., and Keith, W.N.|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics|
|College/School:||College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences|