Employment, transport infrastructure, and rural depopulation: a new spatial equilibrium model

McArthur, D. P., Thorsen, I. and Ubøe, J. (2014) Employment, transport infrastructure, and rural depopulation: a new spatial equilibrium model. Environment and Planning A, 46(7), pp. 1652-1665. (doi:10.1068/a46120)

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Abstract

In this paper we propose a new spatial equilibrium model, and use it to discuss issues related to rural depopulation. The discussion focuses on how investments in transport infrastructure and the spatial distribution of basic-sector jobs can promote a relatively balanced growth of peripheral and central areas of a region. Through interdependencies in individual migration decisions and an economic base multiplier mechanism, negative exogenous shocks may take a peripheral zone beyond a bifurcation point, into an equilibrium of dramatically lower population and employment. We study how the location of bifurcation points depend on spatial interaction behavioural parameters and variables subject to regional policy. We also discuss the issue of the timing of interventions intended to prevent a process of rural depopulation.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mcarthur, Dr David
Authors: McArthur, D. P., Thorsen, I., and Ubøe, J.
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences
Journal Name:Environment and Planning A
Publisher:Pion Ltd.
ISSN:0308-518X
ISSN (Online):1472-3409

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