Radiation hardness studies in a CCD with high-speed column parallel readout

Sopczak, A. et al. (2007) Radiation hardness studies in a CCD with high-speed column parallel readout. In: IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2007. NSS '07, Honolulu, HI, USA, 26 Oct -3 Nov 2007, pp. 2278-2280. (doi:10.1109/NSSMIC.2007.4436600)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NSSMIC.2007.4436600

Abstract

Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs) have been successfully used in several high energy physics experiments over the past two decades. Their high spatial resolution and thin sensitive layers make them an excellent tool for studying shortlived particles. The Linear Collider Flavour Identification (LCFI) collaboration is developing Column-Parallel CCDs (CPCCDs) for the vertex detector of the International Linear Collider (ILC). The CPCCDs can be read out many times faster than standard CCDs, significantly increasing their operating speed. The results of detailed simulations of the charge transfer inefficiency (CTI) of a prototype CPCCD are reported and studies of the influence of gate voltage on the CTI described. The effects of bulk radiation damage on the CTI of a CPCCD are studied by simulating the effects of two electron trap levels, 0.17 and 0.44 eV, at different concentrations and operating temperatures. The dependence of the CTI on different occupancy levels (percentage of hit pixels) and readout frequencies is also studied. The optimal operating temperature for the CPCCD, where the effects of the charge trapping are at a minimum, is found to be about 230 K for the range of readout speeds proposed for the ILC. The results of the full simulation have been compared with a simple analytic model.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Maneuski, Dr Dima and Buttar, Professor Craig
Authors: Sopczak, A., Bowdery, C., Davies, G., Koziel, M., Aoulmit, S., Bekhouche, K., Djjendaoui, D., Dehimi, L., Buttar, C., Maneuski, D., Damerell, C., Stefanov, K., Worm, S., Greenshaw, T., Tikkanen, T., and Woolliscroft, T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy

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