Indication for dominating surface absorption in crystalline silicon test masses at 1550 nm

Khalaidovski, A., Steinlechner, J. and Schnabel, R. (2013) Indication for dominating surface absorption in crystalline silicon test masses at 1550 nm. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 30(16), p. 165001. (doi: 10.1088/0264-9381/30/16/165001)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.


The sensitivity of future gravitational wave (GW) observatories will be limited by thermal noise in a wide frequency band. To reduce thermal noise, the European GW observatory Einstein GW Telescope (ET) is suggested to use crystalline silicon test masses at cryogenic temperature and a laser wavelength of 1550 nm. Here, we report a measurement of the optical loss in a prototype high-resistivity crystalline silicon test mass as a function of optical intensity at room temperature. The total loss from both the bulk crystal and the surfaces was determined in a joint measurement. The characterization window ranged from small intensities below 1W/cm^2, as planned to be used in ET, up to 21kW/cm^2. A nonlinear absorption was observed for intensities above a few kW/cm^2. In addition, we have observed an intensity-independent offset that possibly arises from absorption in the crystal surfaces. This absorption was estimated to α ≈ 800 ppm/surface, which might be too high for a cryogenic operation of a fiber-suspended silicon test mass. Such an offset was not observed in other recent measurements that were insensitive to surface absorption. Finally, a set of further characterization measurements is proposed to clearly separate the contributions from the surfaces and the bulk crystal.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Steinlechner, Dr Jessica
Authors: Khalaidovski, A., Steinlechner, J., and Schnabel, R.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Classical and Quantum Gravity
Publisher:IOP Publishing Ltd.
ISSN (Online):1361-6382

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record