Studies of the regulated assembly of SNARE complexes in adipocytes

Kioumourtzoglou, D., Sadler, J. B.A., Black, H. L., Berends, R., Wellburn, C., Bryant, N. J. and Gould, G. W. (2014) Studies of the regulated assembly of SNARE complexes in adipocytes. Biochemical Society Transactions, 42(5), pp. 1396-1400. (doi:10.1042/BST20140114)

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Abstract

Insulin plays a fundamental role in whole-body glucose homeostasis. Central to this is the hormone's ability to rapidly stimulate the rate of glucose transport into adipocytes and muscle cells [1]. Upon binding its receptor, insulin stimulates an intracellular signalling cascade that culminates in redistribution of glucose transporter proteins, specifically the GLUT4 isoform, from intracellular stores to the plasma membrane, a process termed ‘translocation’ [1,2]. This is an example of regulated membrane trafficking [3], a process that also underpins other aspects of physiology in a number of specialized cell types, for example neurotransmission in brain/neurons and release of hormone-containing vesicles from specialized secretory cells such as those found in pancreatic islets. These processes invoke a number of intriguing biological questions as follows. How is the machinery involved in these membrane trafficking events mobilized in response to a stimulus? How do the signalling pathways that detect the external stimulus interface with the trafficking machinery? Recent studies of insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation offer insight into such questions. In the present paper, we have reviewed these studies and draw parallels with other regulated trafficking systems.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sadler, Miss Jessica and Kioumourtzoglou, Mr Dimitrios and Gould, Professor Gwyn and Bryant, Dr Nia and Berends, Dr Rebecca
Authors: Kioumourtzoglou, D., Sadler, J. B.A., Black, H. L., Berends, R., Wellburn, C., Bryant, N. J., and Gould, G. W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Biochemical Society Transactions
Publisher:Portland Press
ISSN:0300-5127
ISSN (Online):1470-8752

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