An examination of the sources of calcium for contractions mediated by postjunctional α1- and α2-adrenoceptors in several blood vessels isolated from the rabbit

Daly, C.J., Dunn, W.R., McGrath, J.C. , Miller, D.J. and Wilson, V.G. (1990) An examination of the sources of calcium for contractions mediated by postjunctional α1- and α2-adrenoceptors in several blood vessels isolated from the rabbit. British Journal of Pharmacology, 99(2), pp. 253-260. (doi:10.1111/j.1476-5381.1990.tb14690.x)

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Abstract

1: The roles of intracellular and extracellular-derived Ca2+ in α-adrenoceptor-mediated contractions to noradrenaline (NA) have been investigated in several isolated blood vessels from the rabbit by examining responses in the presence of a modified Krebs-Henseleit saline with 2.5 mm Ca2+ and a Ca2+-buffered saline with 0.1 μm free Ca2+.

2: NA was tested in preparations of the abdominal aorta, distal saphenous artery, renal vein, lateral saphenous vein, plantaris vein and ear vein exposed to a Ca2+-buffered saline with 0.1 μm [Ca2+]. A concentration of NA which was maximally effective in modified Krebs-Henseleit saline, produced an initial transient contraction (ITC) followed by a relaxation towards baseline. This is evidence that α-adrenoceptor-mediated responses in all these blood vessels depend upon calcium from both sources.

3: The ITC was particularly pronounced in the arteries and was associated more closely with the α1-receptor subtype. In the abdominal aorta, distal saphenous artery and renal vein the ITC can almost exclusively be attributed to an α1-adrenoceptor (prazosin-sensitive, rauwolscine-resistant). In the ear vein, and to a lesser extent the plantaris vein, the ITC was mediated in part by an α2-adrenoceptor (prazosin-resistant, rauwolscine-sensitive).

4: α2-Adrenoceptors in the lateral saphenous vein largely account for the response to NA in modified Krebs-Henseleit saline, but α1-adrenoceptors mediate the ITC in Ca2+-buffered saline. After selective inactivation of α1-adrenoceptors with a combination of phenoxybenzamine and rauwolscine, responses to NA in modified Krebs-Henseleit saline are slow in onset and there is no ITC in Ca2+-buffered saline.

5: The possible significance of the coupling of postjunctional α2-adrenoceptors to dual sources of Ca2+ is discussed in relation to the interaction between α-adrenoceptor subtypes and the ease of demonstrating functional α2-adrenoceptors in isolated blood vessels.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McGrath, Professor John and Daly, Dr Craig
Authors: Daly, C.J., Dunn, W.R., McGrath, J.C., Miller, D.J., and Wilson, V.G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:British Journal of Pharmacology
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ISSN:0007-1188
ISSN (Online):1476-5381
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