A geographical perspective on access to sexual and reproductive health care for women in rural Africa

Yao, J., Murray, A. T. and Agadjanian, V. (2013) A geographical perspective on access to sexual and reproductive health care for women in rural Africa. Social Science and Medicine, 96, 60 - 68. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.07.025)

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Abstract

Utilization of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services can significantly impact health outcomes, such as pregnancy and birth, prenatal and neonatal mortality, maternal morbidity and mortality, and vertical transmission of infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS. It has long been recognized that access to SRH services is essential to positive health outcomes, especially in rural areas of developing countries, where long distances as well as poor transportation conditions, can be potential barriers to health care acquisition. Improving accessibility of health services for target populations is therefore critical for specialized healthcare programs. Thus, understanding and evaluation of current access to health care is crucial. Combining spatial information using geographical information system (GIS) with population survey data, this study details a gravity model-based method to measure and evaluate access to SRH services in rural Mozambique, and analyzes potential geographic access to such services, using family planning as an example. Access is found to be a significant factor in reported behavior, superior to traditional distance-based indicators. Spatial disparities in geographic access among different population groups also appear to exist, likely affecting overall program success.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Mozambique
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Yao, Dr Jing
Authors: Yao, J., Murray, A. T., and Agadjanian, V.
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Social Science and Medicine
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN:0277-9536
ISSN (Online):1873-5347

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