Analytical landing trajectories for embedded autonomy

Li, M.D., Macdonald, M., McInnes, C.R. and Jing, W.X. (2010) Analytical landing trajectories for embedded autonomy. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 224(11), pp. 1177-1191.

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This paper considers an optimal guidance law for the initial braking phase of a soft landing mission on a celestial body without atmosphere in which boundary conditions on height and velocity are specified. The optimal lander attitude for the minimum fuel landing problem is found. An analytic optimal trajectory is achieved by expanding the thrust acceleration, gravitational acceleration and the cosine of the vertical attitude angle to a high-order polynomial. Coefficients of these polynomials are obtained from the boundary conditions. A fixed gain control law and a direct adaptive control (DAC) law are then developed to track the analytical reference trajectory. Finally, a mission scenario is presented to illustrate the accuracy of the analytical trajectory and validity of the control laws developed. The use of DAC for embedded autonomy will be directly contrasted against a traditional fixed gain controller, using a Lunar landing scenario. The advantage of the DAC approach is that it does not require system monitoring to detect thruster failure and can adjust its gain automatically. As such, DAC combined with the developed analytical solution enables autonomy to be embedded within the lander guidance and control system. In addition, it is shown that DAC increases the probability of lander survival through faster transient response and stability than a traditional fixed gain controller with system level failure detection and recovery.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McInnes, Professor Colin
Authors: Li, M.D., Macdonald, M., McInnes, C.R., and Jing, W.X.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Publisher:Professional Engineering Publishing
ISSN (Online):2041-3025

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