Computer-assisted radiographic calculation of spinal curvature in brachycephalic "screw-Tailed" dog breeds with congenital thoracic vertebral malformations: reliability and clinical evaluation

Guevar, J., Penderis, J., Faller, K., Yeamans, C., Stalin, C. and Gutierrez Quintana, R. (2014) Computer-assisted radiographic calculation of spinal curvature in brachycephalic "screw-Tailed" dog breeds with congenital thoracic vertebral malformations: reliability and clinical evaluation. PLoS ONE, 9(9), e106957. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0106957) (PMID:25198374) (PMCID:PMC4157857)

Guevar, J., Penderis, J., Faller, K., Yeamans, C., Stalin, C. and Gutierrez Quintana, R. (2014) Computer-assisted radiographic calculation of spinal curvature in brachycephalic "screw-Tailed" dog breeds with congenital thoracic vertebral malformations: reliability and clinical evaluation. PLoS ONE, 9(9), e106957. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0106957) (PMID:25198374) (PMCID:PMC4157857)

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were: To investigate computer-assisted digital radiographic measurement of Cobb angles in dogs with congenital thoracic vertebral malformations, to determine its intra- and inter-observer reliability and its association with the presence of neurological deficits. Medical records were reviewed (2009–2013) to identify brachycephalic screw-tailed dog breeds with radiographic studies of the thoracic vertebral column and with at least one vertebral malformation present. Twenty-eight dogs were included in the study. The end vertebrae were defined as the cranial end plate of the vertebra cranial to the malformed vertebra and the caudal end plate of the vertebra caudal to the malformed vertebra. Three observers performed the measurements twice. Intraclass correlation coefficients were used to calculate the intra- and inter-observer reliabilities. The intraclass correlation coefficient was excellent for all intra- and inter-observer measurements using this method. There was a significant difference in the kyphotic Cobb angle between dogs with and without associated neurological deficits. The majority of dogs with neurological deficits had a kyphotic Cobb angle higher than 35°. No significant difference in the scoliotic Cobb angle was observed. We concluded that the computer assisted digital radiographic measurement of the Cobb angle for kyphosis and scoliosis is a valid, reproducible and reliable method to quantify the degree of spinal curvature in brachycephalic screw-tailed dog breeds with congenital thoracic vertebral malformations.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Penderis, Professor Jacques and Guevar, Mr Julien and Faller, Ms Kiterie and Stalin, Mrs Catherine and Gutierrez Quintana, Mr Rodrigo
Authors: Guevar, J., Penderis, J., Faller, K., Yeamans, C., Stalin, C., and Gutierrez Quintana, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1932-6203
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 The Authors
First Published:First published in PLoS One 9(9):e106957
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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