Inflammatory bowel disease nutritional consequences

Gerasimidis, K. (2014) Inflammatory bowel disease nutritional consequences. In: Lomer, M. (ed.) Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Gastroenterology. Series: Advanced nutrition and dietetics. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., pp. 180-190. ISBN 9780470671320 (doi: 10.1002/9781118872796.ch3.13)

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The chapter discusses aetiology of malnutrition in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It focuses on protein energy malnutrition (PEM), altered body composition, micronutrient deficiencies and poor bone health. In children, growth failure and pubertal development delay can be additional outcomes of poor nutritional status which further complicate disease management. Reduced dietary intake, altered energy/nutrient metabolism, increased gastrointestinal nutrient losses and drug– nutrient interactions are all implicated in the origins of malnutrition in IBD. Short stature and faltering linear growth are commonly encountered in IBD, and frequently precede disease diagnosis. Two predominant types of anaemia have been identified in the context of IBD. Iron deficiency anaemia and the anaemia of chronic disease account for the majority of cases, with the first being more common in children and the latter in adults.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gerasimidis, Professor Konstantinos
Authors: Gerasimidis, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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