Local and systemic neutralizing antibody responses induced by intranasal immunization with the nontoxic binding domain of toxin A from Clostridium difficile

Ward, S. J., Douce, G. , Dougan, G. and Wren, B. W. (1999) Local and systemic neutralizing antibody responses induced by intranasal immunization with the nontoxic binding domain of toxin A from Clostridium difficile. Infection and Immunity, 67(10), pp. 5124-5132.

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Publisher's URL: http://iai.asm.org/content/67/10/5124.long

Abstract

Fourteen of the 38 C-terminal repeats from Clostridium difficile toxin A (14CDTA) were cloned and expressed either with an N-terminal polyhistidine tag (14CDTA-HIS) or fused to the nontoxic binding domain from tetanus toxin (14CDTA-TETC). The recombinant proteins were successfully purified by bovine thyroglobulin affinity chromatography. Both C. difficile toxin A fusion proteins bound to known toxin A ligands present on the surface of rabbit erythrocytes. Intranasal immunization of BALB/c mice with three separate 10-microg doses of 14CDTA-HIS or -TETC generated significant levels of anti-toxin A serum antibodies compared to control animals. The coadministration of the mucosal adjuvant heat labile toxin (LT) from Escherichia coli (1 microg) significantly increased the anti-toxin A response in the serum and at the mucosal surface. Importantly, the local and systemic antibodies generated neutralized toxin A cytotoxicity. Impressive systemic and mucosal anti-toxin A responses were also seen following coadministration of 14CDTA-TETC with LTR72, an LT derivative with reduced toxicity which shows potential as a mucosal adjuvant for humans.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Douce, Dr Gillian
Authors: Ward, S. J., Douce, G., Dougan, G., and Wren, B. W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Infection and Immunity
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0019-9567
ISSN (Online):1098-5522

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