Measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the reaction 3He↑(e,e′)X

Katich, J. et al. (2014) Measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the reaction 3He↑(e,e′)X. Physical Review Letters, 113(2), 022502. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.022502)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.022502

Abstract

We report the first measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the inclusive reaction <sup>3</sup>He↑(e,e′)X on a polarized <sup>3</sup>He gas target. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero in the Born approximation but can be nonzero if two-photon-exchange contributions are included. The experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.89 GeV electron beam, covers a range of 1.7<W<2.9  GeV, 1.0<Q<sup>2</sup><4.0  GeV<sup>2</sup> and 0.16<x<0.65. Neutron asymmetries were extracted using the effective nucleon polarization and measured proton-to-He3 cross-section ratios. The measured neutron asymmetries are negative with an average value of (−1.09±0.38)×10<sup>−2</sup> for invariant mass W>2  GeV, which is nonzero at the 2.89σ level. Our measured asymmetry agrees both in sign and magnitude with a two-photon-exchange model prediction that uses input from the Sivers transverse momentum distribution obtained from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Annand, Dr John and Hamilton, Dr David
Authors: Katich, J., Qian, X., Zhao, Y.X., Allada, K., Aniol, K., Annand, J.R.M., Averett, T., Benmokhtar, F., Bertozzi, W., Bradshaw, P.C., Bosted, P., Camsonne, A., Canan, M., Cates, G.D., Chen, C., Chen, J.-P., Chen, W., Chirapatpimol, K., Chudakov, E., Cisbani, E., Cornejo, J.C., Cusanno, F., Dalton, M.M., Deconinck, W., de Jager, C.W., De Leo, R., Deng, X., Deur, A., Ding, H., Dolph, P.A. M., Dutta, C., Dutta, D., El Fassi, L., Frullani, S., Gao, H., Garibaldi, F., Gaskell, D., Gilad, S., Gilman, R., Glamazdin, O., Golge, S., Guo, L., Hamilton, D., Hansen, O., Higinbotham, D. W., Holmstrom, T., Huang, J., Huang, M., Ibrahim, H. F., Iodice, M., Jiang, X., Jin, G., Jones, M. K., Kelleher, A., Kim, W., Kolarkar, A., Korsch, W., LeRose, J. J., Li, X., Li, Y., Lindgren, R., Liyanage, N., Long, E., Lu, H.-J., Margaziotis, D. J., Markowitz, P., Marrone, S., McNulty, D., Meziani, Z.-E., Michaels, R., Moffit, B., Muñoz Camacho, C., Nanda, S., Narayan, A., Nelyubin, V., Norum, B., Oh, Y., Osipenko, M., Parno, D., Peng, J. C., Phillips, S. K., Posik, M., Puckett, A. J. R., Qiang, Y., Rakhman, A., Ransome, R. D., Riordan, S., Saha, A., Sawatzky, B., Schulte, E., Shahinyan, A., Shabestari, M. H., Širca, S., Stepanyan, S., Subedi, R., Sulkosky, V., Tang, L.-G., Tobias, A., Urciuoli, G. M., Vilardi, I., Wang, K., Wang, Y., Wojtsekhowski, B., Yan, X., Yao, H., Ye, Y., Ye, Z., Yuan, L., Zhan, X., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y.-W., Zhao, B., Zheng, X., Zhu, L., Zhu, X., and Zong, X.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review Letters
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
ISSN (Online):1079-7114

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