Emerging concepts in solid-state hydrogen storage: the role of nanomaterials design

Reardon, H., Hanlon, J. M., Hughes, R. W., Godula-Jopek, A., Mandal, T. K. and Gregory, D. H. (2012) Emerging concepts in solid-state hydrogen storage: the role of nanomaterials design. Energy and Environmental Science, 5(3), p. 5951. (doi:10.1039/C2EE03138H)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C2EE03138H

Abstract

This perspective highlights the state-of-the-art solid-state hydrogen storage and describes newly emerging routes towards meeting the practical demands required of a solid-state storage system. The article focuses both on the physical and chemical aspects of hydrogen storage. Common to both classes of storage material is the concept of nanostructure design to tailor kinetics and thermodynamics; whether this be control of functionalised porosity or crystalline growth on the nanoscale. In the area of chemical storage, different processing and nanostructuring techniques that have been employed to overcome the barriers of slow kinetics will be discussed in addition to new chemical systems that have emerged. The prospects of porous inorganic solids, coordination polymers (metal organic frameworks; MOFs) and other polymeric matrices for physical storage of hydrogen will be highlighted. Additionally the role of inorganic nanostructures as evolving materials “intermediate” between physical and chemical storage systems will be discussed and their place within the fine thermodynamic balance for optimum hydrogen uptake and release considered.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Reardon, Miss Hazel and Mandal, Dr Tapas and Hughes, Dr Robert and Hanlon, Dr James and Gregory, Professor Duncan
Authors: Reardon, H., Hanlon, J. M., Hughes, R. W., Godula-Jopek, A., Mandal, T. K., and Gregory, D. H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Energy and Environmental Science
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1754-5692
ISSN (Online):1754-5706

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
446531SUPERGEN programme renewalDuncan GregoryEngineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/E040071/1CHEM - CHEMISTRY
555361Knowledge Transfer AccountSteven BeaumontEngineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/H500138/1VICE PRINCIPAL RESEARCH & ENTERPRISE
576851KTA-EPSRC: Ultra-stable, solid state, IR laser amplifiers: development and characterisationKenneth StrainEngineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/H500138/1P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY