TTC5 is required to prevent apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia stem cells

Lynch, J.T., Somerville, T.,D.,D.,, Spencer, G.,J.,, Huang, X. and Somervaille, T.C.P. (2013) TTC5 is required to prevent apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia stem cells. Cell Death and Disease, 4(4), e573. (doi: 10.1038/cddis.2013.107)

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Using a screening strategy, we identified the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) motif protein, Tetratricopeptide repeat domain 5 (TTC5, also known as stress responsive activator of p300 or Strap) as required for the survival of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. TTC5 is a stress-inducible transcription cofactor known to interact directly with the histone acetyltransferase EP300 to augment the TP53 response. Knockdown (KD) of TTC5 induced apoptosis of both murine and human AML cells, with concomitant loss of clonogenic and leukemia-initiating potential; KD of EP300 elicited a similar phenotype. Consistent with the physical interaction of TTC5 and EP300, the onset of apoptosis following KD of either gene was preceded by reduced expression of BCL2 and increased expression of pro-apoptotic genes. Forced expression of BCL2 blocked apoptosis and partially rescued the clonogenic potential of AML cells following TTC5 KD. KD of both genes also led to the accumulation of MYC, an acetylation target of EP300, and the form of MYC that accumulated exhibited relative hypoacetylation at K148 and K157, residues targeted by EP300. In view of the ability of excess cellular MYC to sensitize cells to apoptosis, our data suggest a model whereby TTC5 and EP300 cooperate to prevent excessive accumulation of MYC in AML cells and their sensitization to cell death. They further reveal a hitherto unappreciated role for TTC5 in leukemic hematopoiesis.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Huang, Dr Xu
Authors: Lynch, J.T., Somerville, T.,D.,D.,, Spencer, G.,J.,, Huang, X., and Somervaille, T.C.P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Cell Death and Disease
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):2041-4889
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Cell Death and Disease 4(4):e573
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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