Coffee: biochemistry and potential impact on health

Ludwig, I. A., Clifford, M. N., Lean, M. E.J. , Ashihara, H. and Crozier, A. (2014) Coffee: biochemistry and potential impact on health. Food and Function, 5(8), pp. 1695-1717. (doi:10.1039/c4fo00042k)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4fo00042k

Abstract

This review provides details on the phytochemicals in green coffee beans and the changes that occur during roasting. Key compounds in the coffee beverage, produced from the ground, roasted beans, are volatile constituents responsible for the unique aroma, the alkaloids caffeine and trigonelline, chlorogenic acids, the diterpenes cafestol and kahweol, and melanoidins, which are Maillard reaction products. The fate of these compounds in the body following consumption of coffee is discussed along with evidence of the mechanisms by which they may impact on health. Finally, epidemiological findings linking coffee consumption to potential health benefits including prevention of several chronic and degenerative diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disorders, diabetes, and Parkinson's disease, are evaluated.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Crozier, Professor Alan and Lean, Professor Michael and Ludwig, Ms Iziar
Authors: Ludwig, I. A., Clifford, M. N., Lean, M. E.J., Ashihara, H., and Crozier, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Food and Function
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:2042-6496
ISSN (Online):2042-650X

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