Cavity-enabled high-dimensional quantum key distribution

Brougham, T. and Barnett, S. M. (2014) Cavity-enabled high-dimensional quantum key distribution. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 47(15), p. 155501. (doi: 10.1088/0953-4075/47/15/155501)

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High-dimensional quantum key distribution (QKD) offers the possibility of encoding multiple bits of key on a single entangled photon pair. An experimentally promising approach to realizing this is to use energy–time entanglement. Currently, however, the control of very high-dimensional entangled photons is challenging. We present a simple and experimentally compact approach, which is based on a cavity that allows one to measure two different bases: the time of arrival and another that is approximately mutually unbiased to the arrival time. We quantify the errors in the setup, due both to the approximate nature of the mutually unbiased measurement and as a result of experimental errors. It is shown that the protocol can be adapted using a cut-off so that it is robust against the considered errors, even within the regime of up to 10 bits per photon pair.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barnett, Professor Stephen and Brougham, Dr Thomas
Authors: Brougham, T., and Barnett, S. M.
Journal Name:Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Publisher:Institute of Physics
ISSN (Online):1361-6455
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 47(15):155501
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
549871Challenges in Orbital Angular MomentumMiles PadgettEngineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/I012451/1P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY