The changing landscape of rabies epidemiology and control

Cleaveland, S. , Hampson, K. , Haydon, D. , Lembo, T. and Townsend, S. (2014) The changing landscape of rabies epidemiology and control. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 81(2), (doi:10.4102/ojvr.v81i2.731) (PMID:25005807)

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Abstract

Over the past 20 years, major progress has been made in our understanding of critical aspects of rabies epidemiology and control. This paper presents results of recent research, highlighting methodological advances that have been applied to burden of disease studies, rabies epidemiological modelling and rabies surveillance. These results contribute new insights and understanding with regard to the epidemiology of rabies and help to counteract misperceptions that currently hamper rabies control efforts in Africa. The conclusion of these analyses is that the elimination of canine rabies in Africa is feasible, even in wildlife-rich areas, through mass vaccination of domestic dogs and without the need for indiscriminate culling to reduce dog population density. Furthermore, the research provides valuable practical insights that support the operational planning and design of dog vaccination campaigns and rabies surveillance measures.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:rabies, rabies epidemiology, rabies control, modelling, disease burden
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Haydon, Professor Daniel and Lembo, Dr Tiziana and Cleaveland, Professor Sarah and Hampson, Dr Katie and Townsend, Dr Sunny
Authors: Cleaveland, S., Hampson, K., Haydon, D., Lembo, T., and Townsend, S.
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture > SF600 Veterinary Medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
Publisher:Agricultural Research Council
ISSN:0030-2465
ISSN (Online):2219-0635
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 The Authors
First Published:First published in Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 81(2)
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
638581Communities Against Rabies Exposure (CARE)Tiziana LemboUBS-Optimus (UBS-OPTIM)UG1RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED
522631Epidemiological dynamics of rabies in rural Tanzania and impacts on local communitiesSarah CleavelandWellcome Trust (WELLCOME)087393/B/08/ZRI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED
539491Understanding the role of contact networks in the epidemiological and evolutionary dynamics of zootonic diseaseSarah CleavelandWellcome Trust (WELLCOME)082715/B/07/ZRI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED
477381Establishing rabies surveillance systems in Southern TanzaniaDaniel HaydonWellcome Trust (WELLCOME)084615/Z/08/ZRI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED
518811Towards the strategic control of foot-and-mouth disease in Africa: new techniques for a neglected problemSarah CleavelandBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)BB/H009302/1RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED
477381Establishing rabies surveillance systems in Southern TanzaniaDaniel HaydonWellcome Trust (WELLCOME)084615/Z/08/ZRI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED