Re-evaluating the time course of gender and phonological encoding during silent monitoring tasks estimated by ERP: serial or parallel processing?

Camen, C., Morand, S. and Laganaro, M. (2010) Re-evaluating the time course of gender and phonological encoding during silent monitoring tasks estimated by ERP: serial or parallel processing? Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 39(1), pp. 35-49. (doi:10.1007/s10936-009-9124-4)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10936-009-9124-4

Abstract

Neurolinguistic and psycholinguistic studies suggest that grammatical (gender) and phonological information are retrieved independently and that gender can be accessed before phonological information. This study investigated the relative time courses of gender and phonological encoding using topographic evoked potentials mapping methods. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded using a high resolution electroencephalogram (EEG) system (128 channels) during gender and phoneme monitoring in silent picture naming. Behavioural results showed similar reaction times (RT) between gender and word onset (first phoneme) monitoring, and longer RT when monitoring the second syllable onset. Temporal segmentation analysis (defining dominant map topographies using cluster analysis) revealed no timing difference between gender monitoring and word onset monitoring: both effects fall within the same time window at about 270–290 ms after picture presentation. Monitoring a second syllable onset generated a later effect at about 480 ms. Direct comparison between gender and first phoneme monitoring revealed a difference of only 10 ms between tasks at approximately 200 ms. Taken together, these results suggest that lemma retrieval and phonological encoding may proceed in parallel or overlap. Word onset is retrieved simultaneously with gender, while the longer RT and the later ERP effect for second syllable onset reflect that segmental encoding continues incrementally to the following phonemes.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Morand, Dr Stephanie
Authors: Camen, C., Morand, S., and Laganaro, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Publisher:Springer Verlag
ISSN:0090-6905
ISSN (Online):1573-6555

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