Excited state charge redistribution and dynamics in the donor-π-acceptor flavin derivative ABFL

Pauszek, R. F., Kodali, G., Caldwell, S. T. , Fitzpatrick, B., Zainalabdeen, N. Y., Cooke, G. , Rotello, V. M. and Stanley, R. J. (2013) Excited state charge redistribution and dynamics in the donor-π-acceptor flavin derivative ABFL. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 117(49), pp. 15684-15694. (doi:10.1021/jp406420h)

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Abstract

Chromophores containing a donor-π-acceptor (D-π-A) motif have been shown to exhibit many interesting photophysical properties. The lowest electronic transition of a flavin derivative containing this motif, azobenzylflavin (ABFL), has previously been shown to be highly sensitive to solvent environment and hydrogen bonding ligands. To better understand this sensitivity, we have investigated the excited state charge redistribution and dynamics of ABFL in a low-dielectric, non-hydrogen bonding solvent by steady-state Stark and femtosecond optical transient absorption spectroscopies. The Stark measurements reveal the difference dipole moment, Δμ01, between the ground and first excited states to be 22.3 ± 0.9 D. The direction of Δμ01 in the molecular frame was assigned with the aid of TD-DFT and finite field calculations, verifying the hypothesis that electron density moves from the diethylaniline donor to the flavin acceptor in the excited state. The magnitude of the difference dipole moment was used to estimate the hyperpolarizability of ABFL, β0 = 720 × 10–30 esu. Subsequent excited state decay via charge recombination was shown to take place in a few picoseconds. The data was best fit to a kinetic model composed of a sub-picosecond internal conversion step from S2→S1, followed by a 5 ps decay to the ground state. A competing process involving formation of an additional long-lived state from S1 was also observed. Cyclic voltammetry shows one oxidation and two reduction waves and is completely reversible. This analysis lays the groundwork for developing new flavin dyads with the desired excited electronic state properties for applications such as nonlinear optical devices, molecular electronics applications, or dye-sensitized solar cells.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Caldwell, Dr Stuart and Fitzpatrick, Dr Brian and Cooke, Professor Graeme
Authors: Pauszek, R. F., Kodali, G., Caldwell, S. T., Fitzpatrick, B., Zainalabdeen, N. Y., Cooke, G., Rotello, V. M., and Stanley, R. J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1520-6106
ISSN (Online):1520-5207

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