Calibration of elasto-plastic models for unsaturated soils under isotropic stresses

Gallipoli, D. and D'Onza, F. (2013) Calibration of elasto-plastic models for unsaturated soils under isotropic stresses. Engineering Geology, 165, pp. 64-72. (doi: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2012.06.007)

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This paper presents a new method for selecting parameter values in elasto-plastic models for unsaturated soils under isotropic stress states. The proposed method is an improvement over more traditional calibration approaches as it explicitly takes into account experimental yielding behavior when defining the unsaturated normal compression surface. This is achieved by “enriching” measured yield stresses with corresponding values of specific volume (estimated from the observed elastic and virgin responses), which generates experimental points that can be interpolated together with virgin compression data. The proposed methodology is general and independent of the chosen mathematical forms of normal compression surface, elastic law and constitutive variables. The validity of the method is demonstrated by calibrating a reference model from a set of constant suction isotropic compression tests. Both improved and traditional calibration approaches are employed to select model parameter values which are then used to predict yield curves in the mean net stress–suction plane. Because of the incorporation of yielding data in the interpolation of the normal compression surface, the improved calibration method produces a more accurate prediction of yield stresses at different suctions compared with the standard method. Due to its generality and limited subjectivity, the proposed method provides an unbiased tool to compare strengths and weaknesses of different constitutive models.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gallipoli, Dr Domenico and D'Onza, Dr Francesca
Authors: Gallipoli, D., and D'Onza, F.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Journal Name:Engineering Geology
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
ISSN (Online):1872-6917

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