Hydroquinone derivatives and monoterpenoids from the Neotropical liverwort Plagiochila rutilans

Rycroft, D. S. and Cole, W. J. (2001) Hydroquinone derivatives and monoterpenoids from the Neotropical liverwort Plagiochila rutilans. Phytochemistry, 57(3), pp. 479-488. (doi: 10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00056-5)

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The structure of a prenylbenzene derivative isolated previously from a Cuban specimen of the liverwort <i>Plagiochila rutilans</i> is revised to 2-methoxy-6-prenylhydroquinone. The hydroquinone was observed as a prominent component of the NMR and GC–MS fingerprints of five recent specimens of the liverwort from Bolivia, Brazil and Costa Rica. The corresponding quinone was observed as a minor component. Two new methylated derivatives of the hydroquinone were observed as prominent components in one specimen from Bolivia; these were isolated, characterized, and their structures elucidated as 2-methoxy-1-<i>O</i>-methyl-6-prenylhydroquinone and 2-methoxy-4-<i>O</i>-methyl-6-prenylhydroquinone using <sup>1</sup>H NMR spectroscopy. The liverwort has a strong peppermint-like odour that is caused by the presence of several menthane monoterpenoids, including notably pulegone, menthone, isomenthone, terpinolene and limonene. One of the Costa Rican specimens contained considerable amounts of the new lactone 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1,6-olide as the principal monoterpenoid in place of pulegone. Two Costa Rican specimens distinguished morphologically as <i>Plagiochila standleyi </i> (a taxon closely related to <i>P. rutilans</i> and reduced elsewhere to a variety of that species) are characterized by large amounts of 3-hydroxy-4′-methoxybibenzyl. <i>P. standleyi</i> was also reported to have a peppermint-like odour in the field. Menthane monoterpenoids were again responsible but in this case the major components were limonene, β-phellandrene, α-terpinene and the endoperoxide ascaridole.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Hepaticae, structural revision, chemosystematics, menthane monoterpenoids, prenylbenzenes, 3-methoxy-5-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-benzene-1,2-diol, 2-methoxy-6-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-benzene-1,4-diol, 7-isopropylidene-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5<i>H</i>-oxepin-2-one.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Rycroft, Dr David
Authors: Rycroft, D. S., and Cole, W. J.
Subjects:Q Science > QK Botany
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Phytochemistry
Publisher:Elsevier Science
ISSN (Online):1873-3700
Published Online:30 April 2001

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