Studies on the development, antigenic phenotype and function of human glial cells in tissue culture

Kennedy, P. G. E. and Fok-Seang, J. (1986) Studies on the development, antigenic phenotype and function of human glial cells in tissue culture. Brain, 109(6), pp. 1261-1277. (doi: 10.1093/brain/109.6.1261)

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Cell type-specific neural markers and indirect immunofluorescence were used to study the antigemc phenotype, development and function of astrocytes and ohgodendrocytes in dissociated cell cultures of human fetal optic nerve and cerebral cortex. It was found that (1) two populations of GFAP<sup>+</sup> astrocytes could be distinguished in optic nerve cultures using the A2B5 monoclonal antibody; (2) the proportion of A2B5<sup>+</sup> astrocytes and of oligodendrocytes which developed in optic nerve cultures was dependent on the tissue culture medium; (3) A2B5<sup>+</sup> cells were required for the development of galacto-cerebroside<sup>+</sup> oligodendrocytes and at least some GFAP<sup>+</sup>A2B5<sup>+</sup> astrocytes; (4) astrocytes purified from cerebral cortex were A2B5- and NCAM<sup>+</sup>, and (5) astrocytes supported the unfasciculated growth of rat CNS neurons. These results demonstrate close similarities between cultured rat and human neural cells. Such observations are likely to be of significance in future studies of the developing human nervous system and of a variety of neurological diseases.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kennedy, Professor Peter
Authors: Kennedy, P. G. E., and Fok-Seang, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Brain
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):1460-2156

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