A spatio-temporal model for estimating the long-term effects of air pollution on respiratory hospital admissions in Greater London

Rushworth, A., Lee, D. and Mitchell, R. (2014) A spatio-temporal model for estimating the long-term effects of air pollution on respiratory hospital admissions in Greater London. Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Epidemiology, 10, pp. 29-38. (doi:10.1016/j.sste.2014.05.001)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sste.2014.05.001

Abstract

It has long been known that air pollution is harmful to human health, as many epidemiological studies have been conducted into its effects. Collectively, these studies have investigated both the acute and chronic effects of pollution, with the latter typically based on individual level cohort designs that can be expensive to implement. As a result of the increasing availability of small-area statistics, ecological spatio-temporal study designs are also being used, with which a key statistical problem is allowing for residual spatio-temporal autocorrelation that remains after the covariate effects have been removed. We present a new model for estimating the effects of air pollution on human health, which allows for residual spatio-temporal autocorrelation, and a study into the long-term effects of air pollution on human health in Greater London, England. The individual and joint effects of different pollutants are explored, via the use of single pollutant models and multiple pollutant indices.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mitchell, Professor Richard and Rushworth, Mr Alastair and Lee, Professor Duncan
Authors: Rushworth, A., Lee, D., and Mitchell, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Epidemiology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1877-5845
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 The Authors
First Published:First published in Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Epidemiology 10:29-38
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
588351A rigorous statistical framework for estimating the long-term health effects of air pollution.Duncan LeeEngineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/J017442/1M&S - STATISTICS