Numerical analysis of the heat transfer behaviour of water based Al2O3 and TiO2 nanofluids in a circular pipe under the turbulent flow condition

Saha, G. and Paul, M. C. (2014) Numerical analysis of the heat transfer behaviour of water based Al2O3 and TiO2 nanofluids in a circular pipe under the turbulent flow condition. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 56, pp. 96-108. (doi:10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2014.06.008)

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Abstract

A numerical investigation has been carried out applying single phase approach on turbulent forced convection flow of water based Al2O3 and TiO2 nanofluids flowing through a horizontal circular pipe under uniform heat flux boundary condition applied to the wall. The effect of volume concentrations, Brownian motion and size diameter of nanoparticles on flow and heat transfer have been examined for Reynolds number, Re = 10 × 103 to 100 × 103, Prandtl number, Pr = 7.04 to 20.29, nanoparticle volume concentration, χ = 4% and 6% and nanoparticles size diameter, dp = 10, 20, 30 and 40 nm respectively. Results reveal that the small size of nanoparticles with their Brownian motion has the highest average shear stress ratio, heat transfer rate and thermal performance factor for χ = 6%. Besides, it is found that the heat transfer rate increases as the particle volume concentration and Reynolds number increase with a decrease of nanoparticles size diameter. Moreover, Al2O3–water nanofluid shows a higher heat transfer rate compared to that of TiO2–water nanofluid. Finally, a conclusion has been drawn from the present analysis that the heat transfer performance is more affected by the size diameter and Brownian motion of nanoparticles than the thermal conductivity of nanofluid. Results of the non-dimensional fully developed velocity and turbulent kinetic energy, frictional factor and average Nusselt number for pure fluid (water) as well as the result of average Nusselt number for Al2O3 and TiO2–water nanofluid have been validated with published experimental results as well as with available correlations where a reasonable good agreement has been achieved.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 56:96-108 August 2014 DOI:10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2014.06.008
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Paul, Dr Manosh
Authors: Saha, G., and Paul, M. C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN:0735-1933
ISSN (Online):1879-0178
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 56:96-108
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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