Serine, but not glycine, supports one-carbon metabolism and proliferation of cancer cells

Labuschagne, C. F., Van Den Broek, N. J.F., Mackay, G. M., Vousden, K. H. and Maddocks, O. D.K. (2014) Serine, but not glycine, supports one-carbon metabolism and proliferation of cancer cells. Cell Reports, 7(4), pp. 1248-1258. (doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2014.04.045)

Labuschagne, C. F., Van Den Broek, N. J.F., Mackay, G. M., Vousden, K. H. and Maddocks, O. D.K. (2014) Serine, but not glycine, supports one-carbon metabolism and proliferation of cancer cells. Cell Reports, 7(4), pp. 1248-1258. (doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2014.04.045)

[img]
Preview
Text
94741.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

3MB

Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2014.04.045

Abstract

Previous work has shown that some cancer cells are highly dependent on serine/glycine uptake for proliferation. Although serine and glycine can be interconverted and either might be used for nucleotide synthesis and one-carbon metabolism, we show that exogenous glycine cannot replace serine to support cancer cell proliferation. Cancer cells selectively consumed exogenous serine, which was converted to intracellular glycine and one-carbon units for building nucleotides. Restriction of exogenous glycine or depletion of the glycine cleavage system did not impede proliferation. In the absence of serine, uptake of exogenous glycine was unable to support nucleotide synthesis. Indeed, higher concentrations of glycine inhibited proliferation. Under these conditions, glycine was converted to serine, a reaction that would deplete the one-carbon pool. Providing one-carbon units by adding formate rescued nucleotide synthesis and growth of glycine-fed cells. We conclude that nucleotide synthesis and cancer cell proliferation are supported by serine—rather than glycine—consumption.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Labuschagne, Dr Christiaan Fred and Maddocks, Dr Oliver and Mackay, Ms Gillian and Vousden, Karen and Van Den Broek, Mr Niels
Authors: Labuschagne, C. F., Van Den Broek, N. J.F., Mackay, G. M., Vousden, K. H., and Maddocks, O. D.K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Cell Reports
Publisher:Cell Press
ISSN:2211-1247
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 The Authors
First Published:First published in Cell Reports 7(4):1248-1258
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record