NADPH oxidase, NOX1, mediates vascular injury in ischemic retinopathy

Wilkinson-Berka, J. L. et al. (2014) NADPH oxidase, NOX1, mediates vascular injury in ischemic retinopathy. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling, 20(17), pp. 2726-2740. (doi: 10.1089/ars.2013.5357)

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<b>Aims:</b> Ischemic retinal diseases such as retinopathy of prematurity are major causes of blindness due to damage to the retinal microvasculature. Despite this clinical situation, retinopathy of prematurity is mechanistically poorly understood. Therefore, effective preventative therapies are not available. However, hypoxic-induced increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been suggested to be involved with NADPH oxidases (NOX), the only known dedicated enzymatic source of ROS. Our major aim was to determine the contribution of NOX isoforms (1, 2, and 4) to a rodent model of retinopathy of prematurity. <b>Results:</b> Using a genetic approach, we determined that only mice with a deletion of NOX1, but not NOX2 or NOX4, were protected from retinal neovascularization and vaso-obliteration, adhesion of leukocytes, microglial accumulation, and the increased generation of proangiogenic and proinflammatory factors and ROS. We complemented these studies by showing that the specific NOX inhibitor, GKT137831, reduced vasculopathy and ROS levels in retina. The source of NOX isoforms was evaluated in retinal vascular cells and neuro-glial elements. Microglia, the immune cells of the retina, expressed NOX1, 2, and 4 and responded to hypoxia with increased ROS formation, which was reduced by GKT137831. <b>Innovation:</b> Our studies are the first to identify the NOX1 isoform as having an important role in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity. <b>Conclusions:</b> Our findings suggest that strategies targeting NOX1 have the potential to be effective treatments for a range of ischemic retinopathies

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This is a copy of an article published in the Antioxidants and Redox Signaling © 2013 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.; Antioxidants and Redox Signaling is available online at:
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Wilkinson-Berka, J. L., Deliyanti, D., Rana, I., Miller, A. G., Agrotis, A., Armani, R., Szyndralewiez, C., Wingler, K., Touyz, R. M., Cooper, M. E., Jandeleit-Dahm, K. A., and Schmidt, H. H.H.W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Antioxidants and Redox Signaling
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert
ISSN (Online):1557-7716
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
First Published:First published in Antioxidants and Redox Signaling 20(17):2726-2740
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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