A case report of two male siblings with autism and duplication of Xq13–q21, a region including three genes predisposing for autism

Wentz, E., Vujic, M., Kärrstedt, E.-L., Erlandsson, A. and Gillberg, C. (2014) A case report of two male siblings with autism and duplication of Xq13–q21, a region including three genes predisposing for autism. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 23(5), pp. 329-336. (doi:10.1007/s00787-013-0455-1)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-013-0455-1

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder, severe behaviour problems and duplication of the Xq12 to Xq13 region have recently been described in three male relatives. To describe the psychiatric comorbidity and dysmorphic features, including craniosynostosis, of two male siblings with autism and duplication of the Xq13 to Xq21 region, and attempt to narrow down the number of duplicated genes proposed to be leading to global developmental delay and autism. We performed DNA sequencing of certain exons of the TWIST1 gene, the FGFR2 gene and the FGFR3 gene. We also performed microarray analysis of the DNA. In addition to autism, the two male siblings exhibited severe learning disability, self-injurious behaviour, temper tantrums and hyperactivity, and had no communicative language. Chromosomal analyses were normal. Neither of the two siblings showed mutations of the sequenced exons known to produce craniosynostosis. The microarray analysis detected an extra copy of a region on the long arm of chromosome X, chromosome band Xq13.1–q21.1. Comparison of our two cases with previously described patients allowed us to identify three genes predisposing for autism in the duplicated chromosomal region. Sagittal craniosynostosis is also a new finding linked to the duplication.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gillberg, Professor Christopher
Authors: Wentz, E., Vujic, M., Kärrstedt, E.-L., Erlandsson, A., and Gillberg, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Publisher:Springer Verlag
ISSN:1018-8827
ISSN (Online):1435-165X

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