Supersize me: how whole-genome sequencing and big data are transforming epidemiology

Kao, R. R., Haydon, D. T. , Lycett, S. J. and Murcia, P. R. (2014) Supersize me: how whole-genome sequencing and big data are transforming epidemiology. Trends in Microbiology, 22(5), pp. 282-291. (doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2014.02.011)

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Abstract

In epidemiology, the identification of ‘who infected whom’ allows us to quantify key characteristics such as incubation periods, heterogeneity in transmission rates, duration of infectiousness, and the existence of high-risk groups. Although invaluable, the existence of many plausible infection pathways makes this difficult, and epidemiological contact tracing either uncertain, logistically prohibitive, or both. The recent advent of next-generation sequencing technology allows the identification of traceable differences in the pathogen genome that are transforming our ability to understand high-resolution disease transmission, sometimes even down to the host-to-host scale. We review recent examples of the use of pathogen whole-genome sequencing for the purpose of forensic tracing of transmission pathways, focusing on the particular problems where evolutionary dynamics must be supplemented by epidemiological information on the most likely timing of events as well as possible transmission pathways. We also discuss potential pitfalls in the over-interpretation of these data, and highlight the manner in which a confluence of this technology with sophisticated mathematical and statistical approaches has the potential to produce a paradigm shift in our understanding of infectious disease transmission and control.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Haydon, Professor Daniel and Kao, Professor Rowland and Lycett, Dr Samantha and Murcia, Professor Pablo
Authors: Kao, R. R., Haydon, D. T., Lycett, S. J., and Murcia, P. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Trends in Microbiology
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN:0966-842X
ISSN (Online):1878-4380

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