Would continuous feedback of patient's clinical outcomes to practitioners improve NHS psychological therapy services? Critical analysis and assessment of quality of existing studies

Davidson, K., Perry, A. and Bell, L. (2015) Would continuous feedback of patient's clinical outcomes to practitioners improve NHS psychological therapy services? Critical analysis and assessment of quality of existing studies. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 88(1), pp. 21-37. (doi: 10.1111/papt.12032)

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Abstract

Purpose: Continuous outcome monitoring studies have been conducted by one group of researchers in the United States, mainly in university counselling clinics. We completed a systematic review of continuous outcome monitoring and feedback during psychological therapy and assessed the quality and methodological rigour of existing studies to examine if the findings might be applicable to psychological therapy settings in the United Kingdom.<p></p> Methods: An electronic database literature search was carried out on studies on or after 1990 to June 2013 using strict research criteria. Independent ratings of the quality of existing studies were undertaken.<p></p> Results: Ten studies with original data met inclusion criteria and two meta-analyses. Feedback improves outcomes for clients who are at risk of treatment failure but effect sizes diminish with more severe psychiatric populations. No study has followed up patients to assess maintenance of gains. Study quality is highly variable. Few studies included diagnostic information and details of randomization. Clinical Support Tools are thought to be helpful but how these were used was not described.<p></p> Conclusions: Although research in continuous monitoring and feedback of clinical outcomes shows promising results in counselling settings, study quality, and methodological issues set limitations on the generalizability of the findings.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Davidson, Professor Kate and Bell, Ms Lisa
Authors: Davidson, K., Perry, A., and Bell, L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
ISSN:1476-0835
ISSN (Online):2044-8341

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