A novel androgen-regulated isoform of the TSC2 tumour suppressor gene increases cell proliferation

Munkley, J., Rajan, P., Lafferty, N. P., Dalgliesh, C., Jackson, R. M., Robson, C. N., Leung, H. Y. and Elliott, D. J. (2014) A novel androgen-regulated isoform of the TSC2 tumour suppressor gene increases cell proliferation. Oncotarget, 5(1), pp. 131-139. (doi:10.18632/oncotarget.1405)

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Abstract

TSC2 (Tuberous sclerosis complex 2) is an important tumour suppressor gene, mutations within which are linked to the development of tuberous sclerosis and implicated in multiple tumour types. TSC2 protein complexes with TSC1 and blocks the ability of the Rheb (Ras homolog enriched in brain) GTPase to activate mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin), a crucial signal transducer which regulates protein synthesis and cell growth. Here, we report the characterisation of a novel isoform of TSC2 which is under direct control of the ligand-activated androgen receptor. TSC2 isoform A (TSC2A) is derived from an internal androgen-regulated alternative promoter and encodes a 508-amino acid cytoplasmic protein corresponding to the C-terminal region of full-length TSC2, lacking the interaction domain for TSC1 and containing an incomplete interaction domain required for Rheb inactivation. Expression of TSC2A is induced in response to androgens and full-length TSC2 is co-ordinately down-regulated, indicating an androgen-driven switch in TSC2 protein isoforms. In contrast to the well-characterised suppressive effect on cell proliferation of full-length TSC2 protein, both LNCaP and HEK293 cells over-expressing TSC2 isoform A proliferate more rapidly (measured by MTT assays) and have increased levels of cells in S-phase (measured by both Edu staining and FACS analysis). Our work indicates, for the first time, a novel role for this well-known tumour suppressor gene, which encodes an activator of cell proliferation in response to androgen stimulation.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jackson, Dr Robert and Leung, Professor Hing and Rajan, Dr Prabhakar and Elliott, Professor David
Authors: Munkley, J., Rajan, P., Lafferty, N. P., Dalgliesh, C., Jackson, R. M., Robson, C. N., Leung, H. Y., and Elliott, D. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Oncotarget
Publisher:Impact Journals
ISSN:1949-2553
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 The Authors
First Published:First published in Oncotarget 5(1):131-139
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
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