Programmable polymer-based supramolecular temperature sensor with a memory function

Sambe, L., de La Rosa, V. R., Belal, K., Stoffelbach, F., Lyskawa, J., Delattre, F., Bria, M., Cooke, G. , Hoogenboom, R. and Woisel, P. (2014) Programmable polymer-based supramolecular temperature sensor with a memory function. Angewandte Chemie (International Edition), 53(20), pp. 5044-5048. (doi:10.1002/anie.201402108)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201402108

Abstract

A new class of polymeric thermometers with a memory function is reported that is based on the supramolecular host–guest interactions of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) with side-chain naphthalene guest moieties and the tetracationic macrocycle cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT4+) as the host. This supramolecular thermometer exhibits a memory function for the thermal history of the solution, which arises from the large hysteresis of the thermoresponsive LCST phase transition (LCST=lower critical solution temperature). This hysteresis is based on the formation of a metastable soluble state that consists of the PNIPAM–CBPQT4+ host–guest complex. When heated above the transition temperature, the polymer collapses, and the host–guest interactions are disrupted, making the polymer more hydrophobic and less soluble in water. Aside from providing fundamental insights into the kinetic control of supramolecular assemblies, the developed thermometer with a memory function might find use in applications spanning the physical and biological sciences.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cooke, Professor Graeme and Woisel, Prof Patrice
Authors: Sambe, L., de La Rosa, V. R., Belal, K., Stoffelbach, F., Lyskawa, J., Delattre, F., Bria, M., Cooke, G., Hoogenboom, R., and Woisel, P.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Journal Abbr.:Angew Chem Int Ed Engl
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag
ISSN:1433-7851
ISSN (Online):1521-3773

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