A three-dimensional macroscopic fundamental diagram for mixed bi-modal urban networks

Geroliminis, N., Zheng, N. and Ampountolas, K. (2014) A three-dimensional macroscopic fundamental diagram for mixed bi-modal urban networks. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 42, pp. 168-181. (doi:10.1016/j.trc.2014.03.004)

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Abstract

Recent research has studied the existence and the properties of a macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD) for large urban networks. The MFD should not be universally expected as high scatter or hysteresis might appear for some type of networks, like heterogeneous networks or freeways. In this paper, we investigate if aggregated relationships can describe the performance of urban bi-modal networks with buses and cars sharing the same road infrastructure and identify how this performance is influenced by the interactions between modes and the effect of bus stops. Based on simulation data, we develop a three-dimensional vehicle MFD (3D-vMFD) relating the accumulation of cars and buses, and the total circulating vehicle flow in the network. This relation experiences low scatter and can be approximated by an exponential-family function. We also propose a parsimonious model to estimate a three-dimensional passenger MFD (3D-pMFD), which provides a different perspective of the flow characteristics in bi-modal networks, by considering that buses carry more passengers. We also show that a constant Bus-Car Unit (BCU) equivalent value cannot describe the influence of buses in the system as congestion develops. We then integrate a partitioning algorithm to cluster the network into a small number of regions with similar mode composition and level of congestion. Our results show that partitioning unveils important traffic properties of flow heterogeneity in the studied network. Interactions between buses and cars are different in the partitioned regions due to higher density of buses. Building on these results, various traffic management strategies in bi-modal multi-region urban networks can then be integrated, such as redistribution of urban space among different modes, perimeter signal control with preferential treatment of buses and bus priority.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 42:168-181 May 2014 DOI:10.1016/j.trc.2014.03.004
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ampountolas, Dr Konstantinos
Authors: Geroliminis, N., Zheng, N., and Ampountolas, K.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN:0968-090X
ISSN (Online):1879-2359
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 42:168-181
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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