Protein kinase inhibitors in the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases

Patterson, H., Nibbs, R. , McInnes, I. and Siebert, S. (2014) Protein kinase inhibitors in the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 176(1), pp. 1-10. (doi: 10.1111/cei.12248)

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Protein kinases mediate protein phosphorylation, which is a fundamental component of cell signalling, with crucial roles in most signal transduction cascades: from controlling cell growth and proliferation to the initiation and regulation of immunological responses. Aberrant kinase activity is implicated in an increasing number of diseases, with more than 400 human diseases now linked either directly or indirectly to protein kinases. Protein kinases are therefore regarded as highly important drug targets, and are the subject of intensive research activity. The success of small molecule kinase inhibitors in the treatment of cancer, coupled with a greater understanding of inflammatory signalling cascades, has led to kinase inhibitors taking centre stage in the pursuit for new anti-inflammatory agents for the treatment of immune-mediated diseases. Herein we discuss the main classes of kinase inhibitors; namely Janus kinase (JAK), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) inhibitors. We provide a mechanistic insight into how these inhibitors interfere with kinase signalling pathways and discuss the clinical successes and failures in the implementation of kinase-directed therapeutics in the context of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McInnes, Professor Iain and Nibbs, Professor Rob and Patterson, Dr Helen and Siebert, Professor Stefan
Authors: Patterson, H., Nibbs, R., McInnes, I., and Siebert, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
ISSN (Online):1365-2249

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