Influence of carbon dioxide on growth and antibiotic susceptibility of coagulase-negative staphylococci cultured in human peritoneal dialysate.

Wilcox, M. H., Smith, D. G.E., Evans, J. A., Denyer, S. P., Finch, R. G. and Williams, P. (1990) Influence of carbon dioxide on growth and antibiotic susceptibility of coagulase-negative staphylococci cultured in human peritoneal dialysate. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 28(10), pp. 2183-6.

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Publisher's URL: http://jcm.asm.org/content/28/10/2183

Abstract

Used peritoneal dialysis fluid was collected from patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, and its pH and composition were assessed after incubation in either air or air with 5% CO2. Precipitation of calcium, magnesium, phosphate, and proteins occurred in the dialysis fluid incubated in air at 37 degrees C and was associated with a mean pH increase of 1.23 U. Incubation of dialysis fluid in air with 5% CO2 prevented precipitation and maintained pCO2 and pH levels at those found physiologically. Coagulase-negative staphylococcal strains isolated from patients with peritonitis tended to grow less well in dialysis fluid incubated in air than in dialysis fluid incubated in the carbon dioxide-enriched atmosphere. MICs of cefuroxime, ciprofloxacin, and vancomycin for seven strains of coagulase-negative staphylococci in dialysis fluid were markedly affected by atmosphere type (16 of 21 MICs). Of these 16 atmosphere-dependent MICs, 14 were at least fourfold higher in air than in air with 5% CO2.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Smith, Professor David
Authors: Wilcox, M. H., Smith, D. G.E., Evans, J. A., Denyer, S. P., Finch, R. G., and Williams, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0095-1137
ISSN (Online):1098-660X

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