A modified morphodynamic model for investigating the response of rivers to short-term climate change

Verhaar, P.M., Biron, P.M., Ferguson, R.I. and Hoey, T.B. (2008) A modified morphodynamic model for investigating the response of rivers to short-term climate change. Geomorphology, 101(4), pp. 674-682. (doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.03.010)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.03.010

Abstract

Near-future climate change will affect the discharge and base level of rivers and thus cause channel changes. The nature and pace of such changes can be simulated using morphodynamic models. As part of an investigation of how the changing hydrology of the St-Lawrence River, Quebec, Canada, will affect its tributaries we have made additions and modifications to a one-dimensional morphodynamic model developed for gravel-bed rivers (SEDROUT). The changes allow simulation of sand-bed rivers, variable discharge, downstream water level fluctuations, and flow and sediment routing in channels with islands. A revised formulation for calculating the grain size distributions of the surface and subsurface material is presented to allow for alternating sedimentation and erosion. We test the enhanced model using small-scale simulations and present-day conditions in four tributaries of the St-Lawrence River. The model is calibrated and validated for the tributaries and the capability to simulate river morphology over a 100-year period is tested. Good validation agreement on water level, cross-sectional mean velocity, and sediment transport rate is obtained for the four tributaries of the St-Lawrence River. With these modifications, modelling a very wide range of river morphodynamic problems is now possible.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hoey, Professor Trevor
Authors: Verhaar, P.M., Biron, P.M., Ferguson, R.I., and Hoey, T.B.
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Geomorphology
ISSN:0169-555X
ISSN (Online):1872-695X
Published Online:07 April 2008

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record