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A post K-T boundary (Early Palaeocene) age for Deccan-type feeder dykes, Goa, India

Widdowson, M., Pringle, M., and Fernandez, O.A. (2000) A post K-T boundary (Early Palaeocene) age for Deccan-type feeder dykes, Goa, India. Journal of Petrology, 41 (7). pp. 1177-1194. ISSN 0022-3530 (doi:10.1093/petrology/41.7.1177)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/41.7.1177

Abstract

Basaltic dykes exposed along the coast of Goa represent the youngest phase of a number of different mafic suites intruding the complex Precambrian terrain that forms the pre-Deccan basement of peninsular India. These dykes crop out similar to 50 80 km beyond the southern limits of the Deccan continental flood basalt (CFB) province. Four of seven sampled dykes were dated using the whole-rock Ar-40/Ar-39 step-heating technique. Three Ar-40/Ar-39 determinations yield Palaeocene plateau and isochron ages that clearly indicate and early post-Cretaceous (i.e. Danian) age and, as a weighted mean average of all four samples yields and age of 62.8 +/- 0.2 Ma, these intrusions are clearly significantly younger than the current estimates for the age range of Deccan Traps volcanism (similar to 65-69 Ma). The trace element signatures, rare earth element patterns and Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios of these dykes are consistent with those of the nearby Deccan basalts. More specifically, their geochemical signatures are similar to those of the basalt flows composing the volumetrically important Ambenali-Mahabaleshwar Formations, which form the uppermost succession (Wai Subgroup) of the SW Deccan. These geochemical and age data demonstrate that Deccan- type magmatism continued to affect western India for at least 1-2 my after the K-T boundary (65.0 +/- 0.1 Ma) and, therefore, their emplacement places important constraints upon the timing, duration and evolution of this much-debated CFB province. The importance of these dykes is examined within the context of the Deccan eruptions and the associated rifting of the western Indian margin.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:UNSPECIFIED
Authors: Widdowson, M., Pringle, M., and Fernandez, O.A.
Subjects:Q Science > QE Geology
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Journal of Petrology
ISSN:0022-3530

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