Community attachment in the era of "communities"

Kearns, A., Livingston, M. and Bailey, N. (2008) Community attachment in the era of "communities". In: UAA 38th Annual Meeting - 1968 Revisited: Cities 40 Years Later, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 Apr 2008,

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Publisher's URL: http://urbanaffairsassociation.org/

Abstract

Around 20 years ago, Robert Sampson used data from the British Crime Survey to investigate the relationships  between the characteristics of residential places and the social functioning of the communities therein, testing  systemic models of communities and theories of community disorganisation (Sampson 1988; Sampson &  Groves 1989). In the light of the recent focus on neighbourhood renewal and the rapidly developing policy  interest in the notion of creating 'sustainable communities' in the UK (ODPM 2003), we take the opportunity to revisit some of the issues examined in this earlier work, using more recent data‐sets and a smaller spatial  scale. To do this, we use the data from the Citizenship Survey 2005 for England and Wales, which has a  nationally representative sample of nearly 10,000 people. At a spatial scale of around 1,500 people (a quarter  the size of a ward and less than half the size of a US census tract), we then attach community contextual  variables for each respondent derived from the census and other sources in order to investigate whether  people's perceptions of community are associated with residential context as well as personal characteristics.  We investigate whether certain dimensions of residential social mix have more influence upon community  sentiments than other aspects, for example comparing the effects of social class mix with the influence of  ethnic mix. We also consider whether some qualities of community are more susceptible to the influence of  context than others through constructing composite measures of place attachment, sense of community,  safety, collective efficacy and community engagement.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bailey, Professor Nick and Kearns, Professor Ade and Livingston, Dr Mark
Authors: Kearns, A., Livingston, M., and Bailey, N.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies

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