Gravitational wave detection by interferometry (ground and space)

Pitkin, M. , Reid, S., Rowan, S. and Hough, J. (2011) Gravitational wave detection by interferometry (ground and space). Living Reviews in Relativity, 14(5), (doi:10.12942/lrr-2011-5)

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Abstract

Significant progress has been made in recent years on the development of gravitational wave detectors. Sources such as coalescing compact binary systems, neutron stars in low-mass X-ray binaries, stellar collapses and pulsars are all possible candidates for detection. The most promising design of gravitational wave detector uses test masses a long distance apart and freely suspended as pendulums on Earth or in drag-free craft in space. The main theme of this review is a discussion of the mechanical and optical principles used in the various long baseline systems in operation around the world - LIGO (USA), Virgo (Italy/France), TAMA300 and LCGT (Japan), and GEO600 (Germany/U.K.) - and in LISA, a proposed space-borne interferometer. A review of recent science runs from the current generation of ground-based detectors will be discussed, in addition to highlighting the astrophysical results gained thus far. Looking to the future, the major upgrades to LIGO (Advanced LIGO), Virgo (Advanced Virgo), LCGT and GEO600 (GEO-HF) will be completed over the coming years, which will create a network of detectors with significantly improved sensitivity required to detect gravitational waves. Beyond this, the concept and design of possible future "third generation" gravitational wave detectors, such as the Einstein Telescope (ET), will be discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Noise sources, laser interferometry, data analysis, gravitational wave detectors, interferometric gravitational wave detectors, science runs, gravitational waves
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Reid, Professor Stuart and Rowan, Professor Sheila and Hough, Professor James and Pitkin, Dr Matthew
Authors: Pitkin, M., Reid, S., Rowan, S., and Hough, J.
Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Living Reviews in Relativity
Journal Abbr.:Living Rev. Relativity
Publisher:Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik
ISSN:1433-8351
ISSN (Online):1433-8351
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2011 The Authors
First Published:First published in Living Reviews in Relativity 14:5
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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